Jargon Buster

A handy guide to get to know the transport and of infrastructure lingo (if you want to!) We hope it will come in handy when looking at co-design process and understanding the scheme better and possible changes on the table. We’ll keep on adding things in that pop up in conversations.

Active Neighbourhood

Audley Road Levenshulme Bee Network

Modal Filter

Modal Filter Example by Waltham Forest Council Photo by Councillor Clyde Loakes

Rat Running

Gordon Avenue Rat Run Levenshulme

Modes of Travel

Modes of Transport - TfGM


Bike Hangar

Bike Port

Cycle Hub

Sheffield Stand



This is simply a neighbourhood where walking and cycling are prioritised over driving.  This means people are much more likely not to use a car by default. Although everywhere that was accessible by car still will be.






This is one of the ways of creating a low traffic neighbourhood/ active neighbourhood. Usually it prevents motor traffic from travelling along a residential street. You can still access all the addresses on the street, just not travel all the way along it.They are a good way to stop vehicles from rat running through residential areas.

Modal filters are normally created using bollards, plant pots or any other barriers that stop some vehicles but allow pedestrians or cyclists. It might also be a One Way system or a bus gate.Modal Filters will be designed with the emergency services to make sure everything can be accessed.  




Rat running is the term used to describe motor traffic travelling through residential areas on specific routes. These routes known as rat runs often run parallel to main roads or link to main roads through a residential area. Rat runs are problems for people who live on them or nearby.





A mode of travel is simply different types of transport or the different ways we get around. In Manchester that might mean walking, cycling, bus, car, taxi, train or tram.  

Sometimes you’ll hear transport people talk about ‘modal shift’ – they are talking about swapping from car to cycling or train to walking.




This is where parking spaces are given up in a street for a temporary structure creating an outdoor space.  They might be used for gardens, play spaces, spaces to hang out or outdoor living rooms. They are a cost effective way to bring human interaction and beauty back into the streets. 





A bike hanger is a six space secure cycle store installed on residential streets.  They take up the space of one car. They are accessed by a key and usually require membership.  








A bike port is a structure that can be installed into a street that provides cycle parking for a number of bikes (up to 8).  Usually taking up a car park space it provides an attractive and highly visual place to store bikes.  







This is a secure building used to store cycles. It usually involves some sort of scheme membership and access control. Cycle hubs are usually located at places where cycles will be parked for long periods such as railway stations or workplaces.  








This is the simplest type of bike stand.  It is a simple looped steel pole secured into the ground at either end.  People keep trying to come up with new designs but they are often awkward and difficult to use.  Simplest is often best and so the Sheffield stand has become shorthand for a good standard design.